+27 71 448 3496
leon@whyafrica.co.za

PAP condemns unconstitutional changes of government

Share Article
The Pan African Parliament is sitting for first Ordinary Session of the sixth Parliament in Midrand, Johannesburg, South Africa for the next two weeks. Image credit: Leon Louw for WhyAfrica

PAP condemns unconstitutional changes of government  

A high-level Parliamentary engagement on democracy, human rights and governance in Africa has identified gaps in the implementation and effectiveness of African Union (AU) Legal and Policy frameworks that are meant to combat Unconstitutional Changes of Government (UCG).

The Dialogue convened by the Pan-African Parliament (PAP) was held yesterday under the theme: “Unconstitutional changes in Government and Political Transitions in Africa.”

The interface took place on the margins of the ongoing first Ordinary Session of the sixth Parliament.

The AU Member States have committed to making peace, democracy and good governance a reality in Africa through various treaties and policy frameworks where progress has been recorded as evidenced by the introduction of multi-party politics, execution of regular elections, and restoration of legislative and oversight functions of parliaments. However, a trend of unconstitutional removal of governments has emerged in Africa necessitating interrogation of existing legal and policy frameworks.

Beyond debate to ensure peace (PAP condemns unconstitutional changes of government)

In his opening remarks, H.E. Hon. Chief Fortune Charumbira, asked participants to go beyond dialogue and debate to ensure peace in Africa.

“We need to talk frankly. The resurgence of unconstitutional changes of government acts of terrorism, and an increase in the number of coup d’états across the continent is a concern and a serious issue. Free and fair elections are the only vehicle to achieve peace and stability. However, the fact that some of the Member States where military coups have become commonplace had already conducted elections is quite telling. It implies that there is a need for deeper introspection on how to ensure inclusive and participatory democracy beyond conducting regular elections” said the President of the PAP.

Chairperson of the PAP Committee on Cooperation, International Relations, and Conflict Resolution, Hon. Dr. Sherif El Gabaly alluded:

“The Africa we want is premised on a peaceful continent and we must collectively commit to making peace and good governance a reality to the African people. If sustainable actions are not taken to deal with these challenges, the attainment of Agenda 2063 aspirations is jeopardised. The PAP will go beyond just being a part of this conversation to actively encouraging good governance, and transparency and to promote peace, security and stability.”

Reinforce independent democratic institutions (PAP condemns unconstitutional changes of government)

Speaking at the high-level meeting Amb. Bankole Adeoye, AU Commissioner of Political Affairs, Peace and Security, was cognisant of the need for Africa to reinforce independent democratic bodies.

“Africa has to strengthen and build strong independent democratic institutions and also rethink the effectiveness of sanctions on Member States. However, on a more positive note, the majority of Member States that recently held elections did well, for example, Kenya, Lesotho and Malawi. The AU has developed an integrated approach to election observation missions and there will be more resources directed towards technical assistance and not just election observation. The PAP has to have a stronger voice in elections observations and is central to ensuring democracy thrives,” said Amb Bankole Adeoye.

Acknowledging the importance of the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance (ACDEG), the Lome Declaration, the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, and the AU Constitutive Act, Prof Andre Mbata Mangu Director of the University of South Africa’s Verloen van Themaat Centre of Public Law, said these, however, fell short on implementation.

“The AU Legal Framework remains relevant but not effective because if it was effective we would not continue to witness cases of UCG. Just as much as the legal frameworks have failed to deter perpetrators, there is also a lack of political will to fight this scourge. The Malabo Protocol dictates that UCG should be combated and treated the same way as a crime against humanity but up to now that Protocol has not come into force because it has not been ratified,” said Prof Andre Mbata Mangu.

Prof Adebayo Olukushi a Researcher with the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) noted that the sanctions imposed on Member States are not deterrent enough leading to citizens losing confidence in electoral processes.

“The instruments are not sufficient in responding to processes that produce UCG instead the instruments address the end results whereby UCG has already occurred. For instance, in Burkina Faso, another coup took place despite the country being under AU imposed sanctions. Coupled with this, our democracies do not have mechanisms to self-correct when they derail and the system carries on as if nothing is amiss and citizens do not have enough avenues to make their voices heard or to seek redress. The continent is going through a gradual democratic regression, decline in a number of citizens coming out vote in national elections,” noted Prof Adebayo Olukushi.

PAP condemns unconstitutional changes of government

WhyAfrica attended the Dialogue convened by the Pan-African Parliament (PAP) that was held yesterday under the theme: “Unconstitutional changes in Government and Political Transitions in Africa

WhyAfrica reports about, and publishes newsletters, magazines and research reports about natural resources and the primary sectors of African economies, and the infrastructure, equipment and engineering methods needed to extract and utilise these resources in an efficient, responsible, sustainable, ethic and environmentally friendly way, so that it will benefit the people of Africa.

Furthermore, WhyAfrica promotes Africa as an investment and travel destination, analyses the continent’s business environment and investment opportunities, and reports on how the political economy of African countries affects its development.         

WhyAfrica provides you with business intelligence that matters. Africa is our business, and we want it to be yours too. To subscribe to WhyAfrica’s free newsletter or digital magazine, and for more news on Africa, visit the website at www.whyafrica.co.za or send a direct message. WhyAfrica launched its first ever digital magazine in November 2021.

The company will undertake its annual road trip through South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, the DRC, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya in 2023. If you are interested in sponsorship or advertising opportunities, please contact me at leon@whyafrica.co.za. We have a wide range of different packages and combo deals to give your company the greatest exposure to a rapidly growing, African readership.  

The 2022 Southern Africa Road trip issue of WhyAfrica’s magazine is now available in print. The magazine was distributed in South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana during WhyAfrica’s 2022 Southern Africa Overland Road Trip, the company’s new and innovative platform. WhyAfrica has expanded its product range and now offers its readers, followers, advertisers, subscribers and partners the following:

  • Daily 24/7 online articles on WhyAfrica’s website (FREE)
  • Daily updates on WhyAfrica’s social media platforms (FREE)
  • Newsletters delivered to a handpicked audience every two weeks (FREE)
  • Two printed magazine per year distributed at large events and during our road trips across Africa featuring original, in-depth articles (FREE) with great, on-site photographs by the WhyAfrica team (FOR SALE UPON REQUEST)
  • Four digital magazines per year (FREE)
  • Live updates, video clips, articles, and podcasts during and after WhyAfrica’s annual road trips (Southern Africa in 2022, East Africa in 2023 and West Africa in 2024) (FREE)
  • Sponsorship and advertising opportunities for the annual WhyAfrica Overland Road Trips (PAID FOR)
  • A library where companies doing business in Africa can display scientific or research papers (PAID FOR)
  • A product section where companies doing business in Africa can display new offerings or services (PAID FOR)
  • Media partnerships with, and a presence at, most of the major conferences and exhibitions in the African mining, energy, agriculture, infrastructure, water management, ESG, environmental management, tourism, development, and conservation sectors (FREE)
  • WhyAfrica connects potential investors with new ventures in Africa and suppliers and service providers with existing companies in Africa (PAID FOR)
  • WhyAfrica assists companies in generating content focused on the wider African business community (PAID FOR)
  • Partnerships with companies doing business in Africa (PAID FOR)
  • Partnerships with companies thinking about expanding into Africa (PAID FOR)
  • In 2023 subscribers will have access to our in-depth articles about the African political economy, research, and country reports about the countries we visit on our road trips, and trends in the sectors that we cover (PAID FOR)
  • A WhyAfrica book is in the pipeline and if all goes according to plan, should be published towards the end of 2023 (PAID FOR)
  • The WhyAfrica consultancy arm assists and advises companies doing business in Africa through utilising our extensive global business network (PAID FOR)

Become part of the WhyAfrica community. Tell us your story. Expand your footprint across Africa and partner with us to make the most of your African experience.

Share Article

Sectors

AgricultureEnvironmental Management & Climate ChangeEnergyESGInfrastructureMiningPolitical EconomyTourism and ConservationWater Management