+27 71 448 3496

Opportunity for Africa to fill the commodity gap

Share Article
Africa is making a valuable contribution to the future supplies of mined commodities. Image credit: SRK Consulting

Opportunity for Africa to fill the commodity gap

Forecasts suggest that in the near future the global economy will be facing a ‘commodity gap’ as the demand for battery minerals could outstrip supply. Africa could be the continent to fill that gap.

There is certainly good reason to see Africa making a valuable contribution to future supplies of mined commodities, from lithium, cobalt, nickel and graphite to manganese, iron, copper, chrome, uranium and aluminium. According to SRK director and principal consultant Andrew van Zyl there are considerable resources of these minerals available in Africa and even currently being mined. However, economically, it remains challenging extracting them. These issues will be discussed in detail at this year’s Investing in African Mining Indaba that takes place in Cape Town from 9 to 12 May 2022.

“One of the reasons why the gold sector thrives in many parts of Africa, for example, is because it needs relatively little in the way of national or state-managed infrastructure,” says Van Zyl. “For better or worse, a gold mine can operate quite effectively as an island of activity and prosperity – providing most of its own inputs to mine and process ore, and to transport the very compact end-product,” says Van Zyl.

By contrast, many of the commodities that are now growing in demand are bulk minerals that need extensive road, rail, and harbour infrastructure – so they can be transported efficiently and shipped to customers from functioning ports. Planning and developing such facilities requires more than capital. They rely on far-sighted government policies being implemented by well-resourced state bodies – combined with collaboration from the private sector and international funding agencies.

They also call for close working relationships between neighbouring countries, with the necessary shared vision and practical protocols to allow railways, powerlines and goods of all descriptions to pass over borders with minimal effort and at the lowest possible cost.

Further, with the African Free Trade Agreement having come into effect, this should expedite matters. “The start of trading under the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement on 1 January 2021 marks the dawn of a new era in Africa’s development journey. Over time, the AfCFTA will eliminate import tariffs on 97% of goods traded on the continent, as well as address non-tariff barriers,” says SRK Consulting ESG Partner Darryll Kilian.

An abundance of battery minerals in Africa

There is little question that the minerals of the future are abundantly in Africa, says Ivan Doku, principal resource geologist at SRK Consulting and country manager for SRK Ghana.

“There is still plenty of opportunity for exploration and mining of battery minerals in West Africa, as we have recently been discovering in Ghana,” says Doku. “The country is becoming a very interesting place to explore right now, having not been historically associated with battery minerals. A significant lithium deposit is currently being investigated – the only one so far in West Africa.”

He says deposits like these had attracted considerable foreign interest, and it was likely that more prospective investors would be looking at the region as more data on this project was published.

Van Zyl highlights that the condition for – and impacts from – large, bulk mineral projects extended not just to physical infrastructure, but to communities. Mines with larger footprints and longer supply chains upstream and downstream also affected a wider natural and human environment.

“For these projects to be sustainable in terms of Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) considerations, developers need to navigate complex terrain related to regulatory compliance and social licence to operate,” he adds. “This assumes a level of certainty in the expectations of the host country, as well as a high level of scientific and engineering skill being available to help mines identify and mitigate the related risks.”

According to Van Zyl, Africa was gradually developing the capacity to deliver on these requirements, and the continent needed to share the professional expertise that was available across its borders and from the global community.

“It is important to remember that Africa has made great strides in a range of facets, and we are successfully producing a large range of minerals, including bulk commodities,” said Van Zyl. “This is something that few developed economies have achieved and, while SRK is focusing on further improvement in Africa, it is also contributing its expertise to other developed economies that are struggling to establish mining industries.”

According to SRK Consulting environmental scientist Wouter Jordaan, the company’s business model is set around collaboration between its global consulting practices to ensure that the needs of its clients are met. As an example, SRK has embarked on a strategic approach of servicing its Chinese clients in Africa, particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia, from its offices in Lubumbashi, Beijing and Johannesburg.

SRK Consulting’s longer-term vision is aimed at establishing a dedicated resource from China in its Lubumbashi office. This provides the opportunity to engage with clients at head office and mine level, thereby providing the relevant expertise required at each level. To strengthen these links, the SRK South Africa, DRC and China team will be attending the Mining Indaba in May and DRC Mining Week in June. The collaborative effort will also look at infrastructure projects within the region.

WhyAfrica provides you with business intelligence that matters. WhyAfrica specialises in African affairs and natural resources. Africa is our business, and we want it to be yours too. To subscribe to WhyAfrica’s free newsletter or digital magazine, and for more news on Africa, visit the website at www.whyafrica.co.za or send a direct message. WhyAfrica launched its first ever digital magazine in November 2021. The company will undertake a road trip through South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana in June and July 2022. If you are interested in sponsorship or advertising opportunities, please contact me at leon@whyafrica.co.za. We have a wide range of different packages and combo deals to give your company the greatest exposure to a rapidly growing, African readership.  

The April issue of WhyAfrica’s magazine is available in print and on the way to Cape Town to be displayed at the Investing in African Mining Indaba from 9 to 12 May 2022. The magazine will also be distributed in South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana during WhyAfrica’s Southern Africa Overland Road Trip, the company’s new and innovative platform. WhyAfrica has expanded its product range and now offers its readers, followers, advertisers, subscribers and partners the following:

  • Daily 24/7 online articles on WhyAfrica’s website (FREE)
  • Daily updates on WhyAfrica’s social media platforms (FREE)
  • Newsletters delivered to a handpicked audience every two weeks (FREE)
  • Two printed magazine per year distributed at large events and during our road trips across Africa featuring original, in-depth articles (FREE) with great, on-site photographs by the WhyAfrica team (FOR SALE UPON REQUEST)  
  • Three digital magazines per year (FREE)
  • Live updates, video clips, articles, and podcasts during and after WhyAfrica’s annual road trips (Southern Africa in 2022, East Africa in 2023 and West Africa in 2024) (FREE)
  • Sponsorship and advertising opportunities for the annual WhyAfrica Overland Road Trips (PAID FOR)
  • A library where companies doing business in Africa can display scientific or research papers (PAID FOR)
  • A product section where companies doing business in Africa can display new offerings or services (PAID FOR)
  • Media partnerships with, and a presence at, most of the major conferences and exhibitions in the African mining, energy, agriculture, infrastructure, water management, ESG, environmental management, tourism, development, and conservation sectors (FREE)
  • WhyAfrica connects potential investors with new ventures in Africa and suppliers and service providers with existing companies in Africa (PAID FOR)
  • WhyAfrica assists companies in generating content focused on the wider African business community (PAID FOR)
  • Partnerships with companies doing business in Africa (PAID FOR)
  • Partnerships with companies thinking about expanding into Africa (PAID FOR)
  • In 2023 subscribers will have access to our in-depth articles about the African political economy, research, and country reports about the countries we visit on our road trips, and trends in the sectors that we cover (PAID FOR)
  • A WhyAfrica book is in the pipeline and if all goes according to plan, should be published towards the end of 2023 (PAID FOR)
  • The WhyAfrica consultancy arm assists and advises companies doing business in Africa through utilising our extensive global business network (PAID FOR)

Become part of the WhyAfrica community. Tell us your story. Expand your footprint across Africa and partner with us to make the most of your African experience.            

Share Article


AgricultureEnvironmental Management & Climate ChangeEnergyESGInfrastructureMiningPolitical EconomyTourism and ConservationWater Management