New hope for Ethiopia
Although the Tigray region in Ethiopia remains volatile, there is renewed hope for peace and stability, writes Leon Louw, WhyAfrica’s founder and editor.
Hopes are high that Ethiopia will somehow turn the corner in 2022. The devastating war in the Tigray region remains a humanitarian crisis. The 14-month long conflict has left the northern parts of Ethiopia in a state of destruction. Thousands have been killed or displaced and the civil war has put a brake on growth of the Ethiopian economy.
Ethiopia was regarded as the big hope in Africa only two years ago. However, the ongoing conflict has dented the international image of the country’s Nobel peace price winner Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. Abiy is under increasing international pressure to bring an end the devastating civil war.
But tensions remain high and the security situation volatile in the north of Ethiopia despite the recent withdrawal of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) from the Amhara and Afar regions.
After the announcement of the TPLF withdrawal, the United States said in a statement that the retreat of Tigrayan forces may “open the door to broader diplomacy” with budding expectations for “possible dialogue” after a 13-month-long conflict.
The TPLF retreat was welcomed by humanitarian organisatons that could not access critical areas in Tigray after the United Nations (UN) suspended humanitarian flights between Addis Ababa and the Tigrayan capital of Mekelle in October 2021.
Calls for peace and unity
Prime Minister Abiy’s tone was one of reconciliation when he called for unity across the nation one day ahead of the celebration of Orthodox Christmas on 7 January 2022. “At this time, we need national reconciliation to end the atrocities that have taken place in our country over the past year,” Abiy’s said in a statement.
Last week, Abiy’s government released several high-profile political detainees. The decision was lauded by UN Secretary-General António Guterres and hailed as a “significant confidence-building step.”
According to several sources in Ethiopia, many of the detainees that were granted amnesty, are prominent leaders of the TPLF. Guterres said he will remain actively engaged with all stakeholders in assisting Ethiopia in efforts to end the fighting and restore peace and stability. He called upon a ceasefire after these recent reconciliatory efforts.
“I call upon the parties to build on this significant confidence-building step by agreeing a cessation of hostilities and a lasting ceasefire, as well as launching a credible and inclusive national dialogue and reconciliation process,” he said.
The UN estimates more than five million people in the northern regions of Tigray, Amhara and Afar require humanitarian assistance.
Last month, the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva voted to establish an international expert commission to investigate allegations of violations during the conflict.
According to the UN the conflict in Amhara and Afar has been devastating. The UN says in a recent report that about 40 hospitals, 453 health centers and 1850 health posts have been damaged and/or looted in Amhara Region, while 91 health facilities were looted or damaged in the Afar region.
Power and telecommunication cuts continue to affect the conflict-affected population and humanitarian operations in the far north.
According to the Tigray authorities, food security is expected to worsen next year given the likelihood of up to 50% reduction in harvest during the next harvest season due to lack of fertilizers.
While the country moves closer to peace, the humanitarian crisis persists.
Although the conflict continues to simmer in the north, the conciliatory stance by both Abiy and the TPLF is encouraging. Will 2022 bring new hope to Ethiopia?
Leon Louw is the founder and editor of WhyAfrica. He specialises in natural resources and African affairs.
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