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Blanket ban of hydrocarbons will be detrimental to Africa says Lima

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Development in Equatorial Guinea is driven primary by income generated through oil and gas projects. Image credit: Flickr

Blanket ban of hydrocarbons will be detrimental  to Africa says Lima

The message on the first day of the Africa Energy Week 2021, held in Cape Town, South Africa, and organised by the African Energy Chamber, was loud and clear: a blanket ban of hydrocarbons will be detrimental to African countries that rely on oil and gas.

One of the speakers, Gabriel Mbaga Obiang Lima, Minister of Mines and Hydrocarbons of Equatorial Guinea, wrote an article in the run-up to the event. This is what he had to say.     

“Since Ireland in 2018 became the first country to say it would divest entirely from fossil fuels, governments, activists, and agencies worldwide have begun reciting the same rallying cry: ban all financing on hydrocarbons development and production.

“The idea of a blanket ban is intended to help reach net-zero ambitions and quell climate change. Proponents say that by reducing funding for oil, natural gas, and coal, more of it will stay in the ground and the world will be forced to switch to renewables for electricity and heat — regardless of whether the infrastructure and capacity exist to provide solar, wind, and hydropower equitably across the globe.

“Just days before the start of Africa Energy Week 2021 we have made an important step to improve our hydrocarbons legislation as the oil and gas sector accounts for more than 60% of Equatorial Guinea’s GDP.

“Since 1996, the discovery and development of oil and gas have transformed the economy of Equatorial Guinea. Petroleum products account for most of our exports, more than 60% of our gross domestic product (GDP), and 80% of our fiscal revenue. Thanks to leveraging our hydrocarbon resources, we are proud to say we have the highest per capita GCP in Sub-Saharan Africa.

“Like many other countries, however, GDP shrank during the Covid-19 pandemic, and investment retracted as well. With the pandemic receding, at least for now, and the market returning, we must embrace the opportunity to restore our economy.

“Equatorial Guinea is endowed with huge hydrocarbon riches: 1.1 billion barrels of proved crude oil reserves and 1.3 trillion cubic feet of proved natural gas reserves. It will take more investment to get those resources produced and put to good use, not less.

“With that in mind, Equatorial Guinea is revising its 2006 Hydrocarbon Law. Our hope is that it will enable us to attract more regional and international energy participants and incentivise investment across the entire value chain.

“That will allow us to realise the potential of our offshore natural gas industry and become increasingly competitive in the gas sector. One key factor is the continued monetisation of the Alen Gas project, which includes a network of production, processing, and transport facilities at Punta Europa, Bioko Island.

“The project, which is led by Chevron and partners (Glencore, Atlas Petroleum, Gunvor and GEPetrol), has attracted direct foreign investment of USD475-million. First gas began flowing at the project in March 2021.

“Alen Gas represents the first phase of the Gas Mega Hub (GMH). GMH is a national strategy to harness our unexploited domestic gas resources and help our LNG facilities remain competitive, but it goes beyond our borders.

“GMH includes the proposed cross-boundary project with our neighbour Cameroon, which will allow both countries to benefit from our shared resources in the Yoyo-Yolanda condensate gas field and build an intra-African LNG industry.

“We are going to prioritise regional gas deals with Nigeria as it is key. Working with our American partners, we have a plan for Fortuna FLNG which we intend to use world class technology to produce low carbon LNG.

“We will not stop there because Equatorial Guinea is a model for how a gas-rich region can exploit its resources and enhance sector growth. In Africa, like many other nations, natural gas means jobs. In Africa it has the potential to lift families out of poverty. Gas to power projects can create opportunities for many. Moreover, it will create jobs and expand our tax base.”

Blanket ban of hydrocarbons will be detrimental to Africa says Lima

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